They worry that it might start society down a slippery slope that could lead to the scavenging of organs from adults without their consent. At the blastocyst stage, when the organism is typically disaggregated to create an embryonic stem cell line, it is a ball of cells no bigger than the period at the end of this sentence.
The rapid advancements in science and technology over the last couple of decades has meant that mankind is exploring newer frontiers and challenging long-held beliefs and notions. The progressive International Center for Technology Assessmentfor example, highlights the concerns that cloning will lead to the exploitation of women: The uniqueness attributed to humans from God might be at stake.
Many who do not accord moral status to the entities produced by therapeutic cloning disagree with that view. We insisted that ovulation-stimulating medications be administered at safe dosages. If women can undergo risks for this purpose, we asked, why should they not be allowed to undertake the same risks to further medical research that could save human lives?
Creating exact copies or cloning human beings has always fired the human imagination. Are eggs any different? From women in this country or abroad, and it is highly likely that many of these women will have to become repeat donors.
These symbolic and "slippery slope" arguments often have powerful emotional force, but they are hard to assess. Food and Drug Administration FDA approved the consumption of meat and other products from cloned animals. What is the moral status of the organisms created by cloning?
Because of this potential, some would argue that the organism produced in human therapeutic cloning experiments is the equivalent of any ordinary human embryo and merits the same degree of respect and protection.
Clonaid claimed that it had a list of couples who were ready to have a cloned child.
Insome meat and dairy producers did propose a system to track all cloned animals as they move through the food chain, suggesting that a national database system integrated into the National Animal Identification System could eventually allow food labeling.
More so, the cloned individual would be generated for specific purposes. First of all, it is unethical for man to play God and interfere with the natural process of growth and development of skill.
In responding to these concerns, members of the board took note of two facts. We concluded that in general this is not advisable, because on reaching maturity the child may feel morally compromised by having been made to contribute to a cloning procedure.
Cloning is achieved by a technique referred to as somatic cell nuclear transfer SCNT. What is the process of human cloning? The Legal and Ethical Issues of Cloning That Make it Controversial Ever since the advent of cloning, there have been arguments for and against this process.
At the other end of spectrum are some experts who are of the opinion that the embryo does not require any particular moral consideration.
Illegal Cloning and Clones A cloned child having multiple donors might complicate parental right issues as well as inheritance and marital eligibility issues.
The primary moral objection to cloning-for-research is the same as for all embryo-destructive research—it creates human life solely for the purpose of destroying it; using a human embryo merely as a means to an end e.
Currently, the primary justification for therapeutic cloning is as a means of harvesting embryonic stem cells. Seed, a physicist based in Riverside, Ill.
Although many countries have banned cloning, many countries allow therapeutic cloning, a system in which the stem cells are extracted from the pre-embryo, with the intention of generating a whole organ or tissue, so that it can be transplanted back into the person who gave the DNA.
The United Methodist Church opposed research and reproductive cloning in May and again in May Thus making humans susceptible to epidemics and unknown diseases. In rare cases, these drugs can provoke a so-called hyperstimulation syndrome that can lead to liver damage, kidney failure or stroke.
All human cells, including eggs and sperm, contain small, energy-producing organelles called mitochondria. Would this constitute cheating? In addition to the epigenetic defects, cells derived from cloning that are injected back into the donor are rejected because of epigenetic mis-expression, genetic differences due to mitochondrial DNA, and the incompatibility of cells too immature in development to interact with adult tissue environments.
An important fact - how will the cloned individual might react and behave with regards to his family and parents? If it is unable to duplicate exactly the talent of the former, there could be unwarranted psychological and social complications for the clone.
For these reasons, Christians should continue to oppose all forms of human cloning as unethical and unnecessary. Social Issues The social issues of cloning tend to focus on human clones in terms of both availability of cloning technology and integration of clones into society.
Moreover, every person has rights and this raises the issue of rights of the clone who has no separate identity. Ethical Concerns From a religious standpoint, many argue that the act of cloning makes humans God, an equality not viewed as appropriate as humans lack omniscience.
It has no organs, it cannot possibly think or feel, and it has none of the attributes thought of as human. Ethically, it is wrong for any human to have control over the genetic make up of any other individual.
Reproductive cloning raises the question of cost and who should have access.Since human cloning raises some serious concerns, it would be highly irresponsible to pursue this method, without giving it a serious thought.
New issues are bound to crop up with advances in this field, and only time can decide its fate. In bioethics, the ethics of cloning refers to a variety of ethical positions regarding the practice and possibilities of cloning, especially human cloning.
While many of these views are religious in origin, some of the questions raised by cloning are faced by secular perspectives as well. (Ethical issues related to human and animal cloning, viewed 1 July ) Clash with religious principles There is a possibility that reproductive cloning may create a human that is genetically matching to a person who was formerly alive or who now currently is live.
The social issues of cloning tend to focus on human clones in terms of both availability of cloning technology and integration of clones into society. Reproductive cloning raises the question of cost and who should have access.
"The Ethical, Social & Legal Issues of Cloning Animals & Humans." Synonym. A framework for discussing the issue was provided by Center Director of Biotechnology and Health Care Ethics Margaret McLean, who also serves on the California State. Human cloning, therefore, is the asexual production of a new human organism that is, at all stages of development, genetically virtually identical to a currently existing or previously existing human being.Download