The thoughts of more or less eminent persons are largely influenced by factors they encounter or incidents they have studied with interest and Mao is not an exception. Above all what is required is to arouse the nationalist feeling of the Chinese people, particularly peasants.
Let us quote few words from his noted essay Contradictions among the People: Particularly, the revolution process of Russia put a great positive mark on his thought.
In those days the Chinese had no interest in revolutionary thoughts because revolutionary literatures were not available in China. But all these dismally failed to save the Soviet system.
According to Mao the peasants, the lumpen proletariat and industrial workers must combinedly launch a revolution against the bourgeoisie and all the reactionary forces.
One cannot be thought without the other. The bourgeoisie is not completely overthrown and its remnants are still there and it is continuously trying to stage a comeback and gather forces. They should be beneficial, and not harmful, to socialist transformation and socialist construction. Therefore, it is only by employing a method of discussion, criticism, and reasoning that we can really foster correct ideas and overcome wrong ones, and then we can really settle issues.
All these finally constitute the concept of democratic centralism. The Western ideas of democracy and parliamentary system failed to appeal to the educated and political conscious people of China. All these criticisms came mainly from party leaders who are renowned intellectuals and university teachers.
The same is true of freedom. We thus find that at the crossroads of Chinese society the tensions, torture inflicted upon Chinese peasantry and the internal situation considerably influenced by the political ideas of Mao.
The economy, politics, and culture of China were fully controlled by the bourgeoisie and lackeys of foreign rulers. He also said that the party must not detach itself from the common people. All of them have spoken about class in the background of capitalist society. The people of China must be indoctrinated to revolutionary, ideology and philosophy and this must be preceded by protracted propaganda and continuous efforts.
Later on Lenin developed the concept. If a socialist culture is not built up the imperialist or capitalist culture in a socialist state will contaminate the entire socialism.Therefore, answering the questions of function and time of criticism goes with analyzing Matthew Arnold‘s essay through my reading of his essay.
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In an essay titled "Son of the he showed his intolerance for Western criticism of China with a comment that is believed to have been directed at the U.S. and to improve the party's work. Mao believed that, "It is only by using discussion, criticism and reasoning that we can really foster correct ideas, overcome wrong ideas and really settle issues ("The Great Leap Forward")." This was an interesting point but unfortunately it is not what happened (Jackson).
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Mao and his intolerance to criticism distribution of goods and materials, fiscal policies based on the acceptance of inflated production reports and shortage of raw materials for industry.
Today, Mao is a legacy, a demigod of the Cultural revolution/5(4). Chinese president Xi Jinping has Here's Why People Are Calling Chinese President Xi Jingping A Mao-Style Authoritarian he showed his intolerance for Western criticism of China with a.Download