The Theory of Personality By: The behaviour is controlled by the need for actualisation; when it is stopped by psychosocial conditions, it converts into destructive and antisocial behaviour. Although both theories include a hidden personality, both concepts are very different in that for Freud it is our natural state, while for Rogers it is the self created by the demands of society.
On the other hand, Carl R. Not surprisingly, Skinner, Piaget, and Freud are the top three. In this article at Psychology Today some of his most important and lasting contributions are discussed.
Through contemporary cognitive science, it has been discovered that most of our thought actually is unconscious, not in the Freudian sense of being repressed, but in the sense that it operates beneath the level of cognitive awareness, inaccessible to consciousness and Freuds and rogers theory of personality too fast to focus on Ekstrom Rogers does not see it as something to strive form that is the real self but an ideal imposed on us we can never fully reach Boeree Freudian, Jungian and cognitive models of the unconscious.
Journal of Analytical Psychology, 49, — Both theorised that people have a hidden personality of which they are not aware. For an individual to be truly happy and for self-actualisation to be realised, the public and hidden selves must be as similar as possible.
What is the Unconscious? Rogers called into question the psychoanalytical model replacing it with his humanistic psychology. Freud believed the control of these instincts is necessary for society to exist.
One result of his work was a psychological theory. However, the endless pursuit of pleasure, driven by the id, or unconscious, directly conflicts with society, as the uncontrolled satisfaction of personal pleasure is not acceptable.
In that work Rogers advanced a complex set of 19 propositions describing his theory. The ever changing world of external and internal experience. The demands of society, however, do not always support the actualising tendency and we are forced to live under conditions that are out of step with our tendencies.
The unconscious, according to Rogers, is what the mind construes as perception, and not the main driver of human behaviour. This is because according to Freud, human nature is basically driven by sexual instincts. Freud, Rogers and Ellis: Freud endorsed the fact that the unconscious mind had a very strong presence in the practice conscious thinking of individuals, and even though individuals may not be aware of the reasoning for their conscious thoughts, for believe that the interplay of the memories that were held within the subconscious, as well as the interplay of the repressed desires and emotions that are housed within an individual subconscious, were probably responsible for the psychological condition of many individuals.
Rogers is recognised for his approach to therapy, where the client has a more direct role in therapy and the therapist takes the back seat, and Freud is best known for his work on the unconscious mind. This is, according to Freud, the root of all behaviour, feelings, reactions and perceptions.
The ideal self is the ideal created through the demands of society. Their concept of human nature and the role of rationality in human motivation are diametrically opposed. Social, cultural, religious, and moral restraints are all factors. Freud argues that much of our psychic energy is devoted either to finding acceptable expressions of unconscious ideas or to keeping them unconscious.
Social, cultural, religious, and moral restraints are all factors. When this happens, people become estranged from their true nature and may behave irrationally through anti-social and destructive behaviour.Rogers’s theory is based on personality and not behaviour and the most important concept of this theory is the self.
(Introduction to psychology) “ the best vantage point for understanding behaviour is from the internal flame of reference of the individual himself.”.
Rogers' personality theory distinguished between two different personalities: the real self, created through the actualizing tendency, which one can become, and the ideal self; created through the demands of society, it is an ideal imposed on us that we can never fully reach, one that guides us within society.4/4(1).
Freud and Rogers' theories of personality and psychotherapy continue to produce controversy by many in the field.
Compare and contrast the main principles and components within each theory and. Rogers' theory says that the unconscious mind is not part of the personality, let alone the basis. Rather, it is only a part of the process. The unconscious, according to Rogers, is what the mind construes as perception, and not the main driver of human behaviour.
Both Freud’s and Rogers’ theory of personality are based on some very basic assumptions and occupy opposite ends of the spectrum of views on human motivation. When comparing both theories with contemporary research in cognitive psychology, Rogers’ personality is to be preferred over the Freudian model.
References. Boeree, C. G. (). Freud's and Rogers' Theories Personality Psychotherapy A comparison of Freud and Rogers theories of personality and psychotherapy Personality is the description of an individual through how the individual demonstrates his or her emotions and building relationship and their behavioral patterns.Download